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必威游戏网址:奥地利人何以用土拨鼠来预测天

日期:2019-09-14编辑作者:必威教育

It's only been in the past 60 or so years that humans have been able to rely on television meteorologists for weather predictions. Before Al Roker, the Babylonians looked at cloud formations; in 300 BC, the Chinese had a calendar broken into 24 festivals, each with its own unique weather patterns.

I first watched this film a year ago, after seeing a poster picture on DB, which looked very much like some old film from the 40s or 50s. I started to watch it, didn't expect much, but it got more and more interesting, by the middle of it, it was already on my favorite list. I have watched it a couple more times since, always a good chuckle.

直到大约60年前,人类才得以通过看电视上的天气预报来预知天气。在有美国气象播报员阿尔·洛克之前,巴比伦人是通过观看云体形成来预知天气的;在公元前300年,中国人将一年分成24个节气,每个节气都有各自独特的气候模式。

The film has all the good elements, story, script, directing, casting, music and rhythm. Bill Murray was especially good for the role, Andie MacDowell was as always beautiful, all the supporting cast was good, even that little furry groundhog. The story was funny, though I am not particularly taken by the implied logic, that love is the key of salvation, Phil started to have a positive take on the situation after he confessed his love to Rita, and was eventually rescued after he gained her love, a little bit of preaching, ha, Hollywood. The music went perfect with the plot, was, of course, done by George Fenton, whose other works include Life series and Planet Earth, and among others, White Palace.

Today we use satellites and other costly equipment to gauge our environment, examining changes in the atmosphere and running sophisticated computer models. And sometimes, we just stare at a groundhog.

The story started when Phil and Rita and camera man Larry went to Punxsutawney PA to report the annual Groundhog Festival, which Phil hated. On the way back they were caught by an unexpected blizzard and was stuck in Punxsutawney.

今天我们用人造卫星和其他昂贵的设备来监测我们的环境、气候的改变并运行精密的计算机模型。不过有时候,我们只看土拨鼠来预知天气。

The next day, Phil found he was reliving the same day as yesterday, he tried to act normal, but this day just kept repeating itself, he became a little nutty, got drunk and had a little escapade with the police, the next day it went back as nothing had ever happened.

Every February 2, a doughy rodent named Punxsutawney Phil briefly emerges from his winter hibernation to have a look around. If he sees his shadow, that means there will be six more weeks of winter. If he doesn't, we can assume that warm weather is looming.

Then he started to take a little advantage of the situation, women chasing and bank robbing, then he tried to seduce Rita, painstakingly improving bits by bits every day, but still failed. Then he got so desperate and started to commit a series of suicides, car wrecking (with the Groundhog Phil), electrocuting (bathtub with a toaster), hitting a car, jumping from tower, and a bunch of others didn't show in the film, and of course, he couldn't die.

每年2月2日,一只名叫庞克瑟托尼·菲尔的软乎乎的土拨鼠会从冬眠的洞里露出头来四下看一看。如果它看到了自己的影子,那就意味着冬天还要持续6周。如果它没看到自己的影子,我们就可以假定温暖的天气即将来临。

He told Rita, they spent the day together, he confessed his love to her, and the next day he decided to make some good out of this one day. He studied, he learned to play piano, he went around to help people, and of course, at the end, Rita fell in love with him and the next day was come.

The ritual has been carried out in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania every year since 1887. Relying on Phil is actually not much better than flipping a coin—he's right an estimated 64.4 percent of the time—but clearly someone at one time believed a groundhog had predictive abilities. Who? And why?

Favorite scenes:

自1887年以来,这一仪式每年都要在美国宾夕法尼亚州的庞克瑟托尼举行。事实上,靠菲尔来预测天气的成功率不比抛硬币高多少——这只土拨鼠预测天气的准确率约为64.4%——但显然有人曾一度认为土拨鼠有预测天气的能力。是谁呢?为什么会这么认为?

1, the two cold showers, first one is hilarious, second one even better, tears actually are coming out.

To understand Phil's current status, it helps to know that superstition and weather have had a long association. Observers of the Christian holiday Candlemas, for example, received candles blessed by clergymen. If the skies were cloudy that day, warm weather was imminent; if the sun was out, winter would persist.

2, the succession of slappings, the last one the force of the slap made Phil naturally leaned towards the door and opened it for the angry girl.

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3, of course the groundhog driving.

要明白菲尔目前的身份,最好能了解迷信和天气之间长久以来的关联。举例来说,基督教信徒在圣烛节会收到牧师祝福过的蜡烛。如果圣烛节那天是多云,说明温暖的天气很快就要来到;如果太阳出来了,冬天将会持续下去。

4, the spade pounding in the telephone booth.

In Europe, the idea that winter's duration could be foretold was carried over to animal behavior. Hibernating animals like bears, marmots, and hedgehogs were observed to see when they'd emerge from their dens.

5, the therapy session.

在欧洲,预测冬天持续时间和动物行为扯到了一起。人们会观察熊、旱獭、刺猬等冬眠动物,看它们会不会从洞里出来。

6, and every 'I've got you, baby' song, especially the one coming from the broken radio.

In Germany, the weather was anticipated by badgers. When Germans began settling in Pennsylvania, however, badgers weren't so readily available: The easiest hibernating animal to locate was the groundhog. In 1887, a newspaper editor began circulating the idea that one groundhog in particular, Punxsutawney Phil, was a meteorological wonder. Before long, the entire country became preoccupied with Phil’s prognosticating, and an annual tradition was born.

Favorite quotes:

在德国,天气是由獾来预测的。但是,当德国人在美国宾夕法尼亚州定居的时候,獾并没有那么好找:最容易找到的冬眠动物是土拨鼠。1887年,一位报社编辑开始传播一个信息:有一只名叫庞克瑟托尼·菲尔的土拨鼠是预测天气的奇才。没过多久,整个国家都被菲尔的预测迷住了,一项年度传统就此诞生。

Phil: Out in California, they're gonna have some warm weather tomorrow, gang wars, and some VERY overpriced real estate. Up in the Pacific Northwest, as you can see, they're gonna have some very, very tall trees.

Phil isn't the only one in the business of long-range forecasting.The Old Farmer's Almanac, a yearly digest of upcoming weather patterns for large geographical areas, is prepared up to 18 months in advance: Its editors claim an 80 percent accuracy rate, though some meteorologists dispute the viability of assessing weather more than two weeks out.

Phil: People like blood sausage too, people are morons. ... Would you like some blood sausages?
Rita: I like blood sausage.

从事长期天气预报的不只有菲尔。《老农民年历》是一本预测大范围地区天气的年度出版物,每年都是提前18个月准备。这本年历的编辑声称准确率有80%,尽管一些气象学家质疑提前两周以上预测天气是否可行。

Mrs. Lancaster: Did you sleep well, Mr. Connors?
Phil: I slept alone, Mrs. Lancaster.

Last year, Phil "predicted" six more weeks of winter. It turned out to be the second-warmest February on record.

Ned: So what are you doing for dinner?
Phil: Umm... something else.

去年,菲尔“预测”冬天还将持续6周。结果,去年二月份的天气是有史以来最暖和的。

Phil: Do you ever have déjà vu, Mrs. Lancaster?
必威游戏网址,Mrs. Lancaster: I don't think so, but I could check with the kitchen.

Larry: If you need any help with the other cheek, let me know, I am right here.

Rita: I like to see a man of advancing years throwing caution to the wind. It's inspiring in a way.
Phil: My years are not advancing as fast as you might think.

Phil: Well you can, it just takes awful lot of work.

Phil: You want a prediction about the weather, you're asking the wrong Phil. I'll give you a winter prediction: It's gonna be cold, it's gonna be grey, and it's gonna last you for the rest of your life.

Phil: I'm a god.
Rita: You're God?
Phil: I'm A god. I'm not THE God... I don't think.

Phil: Well maybe the REAL God uses tricks, you know? Maybe he's not omnipotent. He's just been around so long he knows everything.

Rita: Is that what you do with eternity?

Favorite trivias:

"Punxsutawney" is actually Woodstock, Illinoi.

Since the film's release, the town of Punxatawney has now become a major tourist attraction.

On February 2 1993 the sun did not rise until 7:25am in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania so the film is technically inaccurate - it would still have been dark at 6am.

Director Harold Ramis originally wanted Tom Hanks for the lead role, but decided against it, saying that Hanks was "too nice".

There are exactly 38 days depicted in this film either partially or in full.

Bill Murray was bitten by the groundhog twice during shooting.

The scene where Phil picks up the alarm clock and slams it onto the floor didn't go as planned. Bill Murray slammed down the clock but it barely broke, so the crew bashed it with a hammer to give it the really smashed look. The clock actually continued playing the song like in the movie. (the toughest clock ever:)))

When Phil is explaining to Rita his experiences he first says "I have been stabbed, shot, poisoned, frozen" and so on. Those were all methods used by the assassins of Russian mystic Grigory Rasputin, but (with the exception of electrocution) were not seen done to Phil.

Phil at the piano teacher's house, when he is fumblingly playing Sergei Rachmaninoff's "Rhapsody on a Theme by Paginini", is actually Bill Murray playing. He does not read music, but he learned that much of the song by ear.

According to an interview with Harold Ramis, he and Bill Murray argued over the tone of the film. Murray wanted the film to be more philosophical while Ramis wanted it to be more comedic. The two argued throughout the production and have not spoken to each other since.

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